In Belgium, 1,469 doping controls were conducted in competitions in 2010, of which 29 were atypical, 71 had abnormal results and 17 tests were refused, resulting in a doping total of 6.0%. Out of competition, 770 tests were conducted, 13 of which were atypical and 1 had abnormal results, which yielded a total of 0.13% positive results. The inspectors also visited fitness centers, which resulted in 5 atypical values, 19 abnormal results and 4 refusals, giving a total of 25.6% positive tests.
WADA published an overview of all doping tests in various sports between 2003 and 2010.
A study by the French Institut de recherche biomédicale et d'épidémiologie du sport (IRMES) compared the life expectancy of a 'normal' population with that of riders who had won the Tour de France and the Giro d'Italia between 1903 and 2009. The riders showed a longer life expectancy, with the exception of those from the 1970s, when many died after EPO abuse.
In January former hurdler runner Birgit Uibel-Sonntag (1961-2010) died of a lingering disease at the age of 48. In 1984 she became GDR champion on the 400m hurdles and in total she was selected ten times for the national team. In 2000 at the Berlin trial, she testified against doping officers Manfred Ewald (1926-2002) and Manfred Höppner (1934-), who let her administer anabolics at the age of 15. As a result of this doping, she had severe liver and thyroid problems, she had very severe acne and she had a tumor on her thigh the size of a pigeon egg. Moreover, she gave birth to a disabled daughter.
At the 1982 European Championship in Athens, Gesine Walther (1962-) won the gold medal with the GDR relay team 4 x 100m. She herself finished fifth in the 100m final. In 1984 she ran a new world record with the relay team 4 x 400m with a chrono of 3.15.92. In January 2010 she asked to be removed from the record lists, because all successes had been achieved with doping without her knowledge. After the fall of the Wall, GDR archives revealed that she had to swallow 1,000 mg of Oral-Turinabol annually.
The German daily newspaper "Freie Presse" published an article that elaborated on the doping experiences of GDR cross-country skier Ute Noack (1961-), who won the bronze medal at the 4 x 5 km during the 1985 World Cup in Seefeld. When Noack gave birth to a son after her sports career, he was severely disabled due to a muscle atrophy. She, too, had to take a lot of blue pills or Oral-Tuinabol from her supervisors. When she refused to swallow the stuff, she was given it in a vitamin drink without her knowing it.
Almost twenty years after the fall of the wall, multiple Olympic medalist in tobogganing and former GDR top executive Thomas Köhler (1940-) published his autobiography 'Zwei Seiten der Medaille. Thomas Köhler erinnert sich' ('Two sides of the medal. Thomas Köhler remembers), in which he explained the doping policy from the GDR and also admitted that young swimmers were given doping.
"Because in the early 1970s the winning chances for GDR athletes were no longer guaranteed in the East-West ratio, former sports management decided to use selected anabolic substances in a number of sports. If the GDR wanted to continue to compete successfully in international sports, there was no alternative but to allow the use of doping."
But Köhler went too far in his book when he stated that every athlete or swimmer had consciously used doping and that the medication was given under strict doctor's supervision. He even went completely off track with his postulate that as a result, unlike other countries, there were no health problems in the GDR, let alone deaths. He also refuted that athletes who refused medication were humiliated and could forget their sports career.
He mentioned the tobogganists Ute Rührold (1954-), Margit Schumann (1952-2017) and Eva-Maria Wernicke (1953-) (from left to right in the photo), who did not use doping for fear of losing their figure and still inside the prizes were awarded at the Olympics and World Cups.
The book was therefore not applauded by former East German top athletes. Jens Weißflog (1964-) three times Olympic gold medalist and world champion ski jumping claimed it was nonsens:
"Köhler's statements prove that he wants to evade co-responsibility."
Professor Ines Geipel (1960-), in 1984 Olympic champion and world record holder 4 x 100m, who later had her name deleted from the tables when she learned that doping was involved, said about the writing:
"I have read the book, but actually it is not a book. You cannot find anything new in it and it is absolutely irresponsible. Moreover, it is a big lie and an explanation of his responsibility in the GDR sport .... Köhler became convicted .... Now he tries to distort history and to discredit the injured again and again. The doping victims are languishing, but Köhler lives in his 10,000-Ostmark villa with a good pension and is now promoting the sale of his book with lies . That is bad."
Triple Olympic speed skating champion Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann (1966-) also expressed her opinion:
"It is his opinion if he thinks the athletes knew what drugs they were being given. That is not an issue for me. I trained and won before and after the 'Wende' without doping."
Former rider Uwe Trömer (1963-), struck by kidney failure as a result of the mass administration of anabolics, also expressed his opinion about the book:
"Köhler admits some things, but not enough. If he had named all the mess that happened, I would have taken my hat for him."
In 1999 Köhler was sentenced by a court in Berlin to a fine of 26,400 Deutsche Mark for his complicity in inflicting bodily injuries to 107 athletes in the period between 1977 and 1989.
Vitaly Stepanov, a clerk at the Russian anti-doping agency RUSADA, sent a first letter to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) in 2010 in which he reported that RUSADA made the systematic administration of doping possible. The spouse of 800-meter runner Yuliay Stepanova (1986-) in February also met with WADA officials during the Winter Olympics in Vancouver, where he gave a detailed description of Russian doping use and the complicity of the Russian government. Apparently WADA did not care about the revelations of the Russian, it only took action four years later after a TV broadcast by Hajo Seppelt (1963-) on the German channel ARD.
During the preparation of the Winter Olympics, many Russian biathletes were involved in the abuse of doping products, it elicited the following remark from Anders Besseberg (1946-), the Norwegian president of the International Biathlon Union:
"We are confronted with systematic doping use on a large scale by one of the strongest teams in the world."
However, Besseberg had to resign in 2018 when a search of the headquarters in Salzburg revealed that he and his German Secretary-General Nicole Resch (1975-) had concealed 65 positive tests from Russian athletes and even had bribed federal figures. In exchange for trips and prostitutes.
Before the start of the Winter Olympics, it became known that the Russian biathletes Albina Akhatova (1976-), Ekaterina Iourieva (1983-) and Dmitri Yaroshenko (1976-) and their fellow cross-country ski star Natalya Matveyeva (1986-) could not compete in Vancouver because they were caught using EPO during the World Cup in Östersund, for which they had been suspended for two years.
The international biathlon federation (IBU) imposed a fine of 50,000 euros on the Russian biathlon federation.
In December, Russian cross-country skier Alena Sidko (1979-) tested positive for EPO after a race near Moscow. The gold medalist at the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin was expulsed from the Olympic team and received a two-year suspension.
Incidentally, she was not the only one, her compatriots Julia Tschepalowa (1976-) and Jewgeni Dementjew (1983-) were also banned after using, both cross-country skiers were kept out of competition for two years.
Slovakian ice hockey player Lubomír Višnovský (1976-), active with the American Anaheim Ducks, was caught at the Olympic tournament in Vancouver using pseudo ephidrine after a game with his national team. He came off with a warning because he had consulted trainer Ken Lowe (1959-) and team physician Dalimir Jancovic about the use of 'Advil Cold & Sinus'. The doctor did not know that the medication intended to combat flu symptoms contained a prohibited substance. The product was only added to the list of prohibited substances in 2010.
In March it was announced that Polish cross country ski star Kornelia Kubinska (1985-) had tested positive for EPO during the previous Winter Olympics in Vancouver. Together with her, the relay team was disqualified, she received a two-year suspension and was also not allowed to participate in the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia.
Slovenian biathlete Teja Gregorin (1980-) was the only one who in 2017 responded positively during the retesting of 1,195 frozen samples from 2010. For the intake of growth hormones, she was suspended retroactively until December 2017
American Brandon Spikes (1987-), linebacker with the New England Patriots, was suspended for four games by the National Football League after delivering a positive pee on amphetamines.
Brian Cushing (1987-) played inside linebacker with the Houston Texans. In May, the ESPN television channel announced that he was suspended for four games due to the use of the growth hormone hCG. Cushing strongly denied and claimed that the test results were the result of a tumor he might have.
American Shane Sieg (1982-2017) was banned from the NASCAR circuit after his umpteenth doping use. He died at the age of only 34.
The international badminton federation suspended Chinese Zhou Mi (1979-) two years after she tested positive for clenbuterol.
Mark McGwire (1963-), the former successful first pitcher at the Oakland Athletics and St Louis Cardinals, announced publicly in 2010 that he had used doping from 1986 to 2001. At one point, McGwire held the record of seventy homeruns in a year.
Belgian billiard player Johan Loncelle (1980-) was caught using cocaine for the second time in five years. He was put on hold by his Dutch three-cushion team 'De Vrachtkar' from Reusel and the KNBB suspended him for eight years.
In February, American Kelli Johnson (1966-) was caught using anabolic steroids
British lightweights champion Ricky Hatton (1978-) lost his fight to Filipino Manny Pacquiao (1978-), but "The Hitman" was caught using cocaine.
Manju Wanniarachchi (1979-) from Sri Lanka won the gold medal in the bantamweight at the Commonwealth Games, but had to surrender that medal after a positive test for nandrolone. Wanniarachchi stopped boxing.
The Italian Olympic Committee (CONI) pronounced a remarkable doping sentence, suspending practically the entire family of rider Lorenzo Bernucci (1979-) for several years. After leaked telephone conversations and statements by witnesses, Bernucci was banned for five years, his wife Valentina Borgioli, mother Antonella Rossi and his father-in-law were not allowed to hold any positions in the cycling world for four years. Bernucci's brother Alessio was excluded for three years.
Italian rider Massimo Giunti (1974-) tested positive for EPO during an unannounced check in the Tour of Sardinia, which earned him two years of suspension. Reason enough for him to stop cycling.
In May it became known that Slovenian Tadej Valjavec (1977-) had been ejected by AG2R on suspicion of stimulants use. Shortly thereafter he was fired and was not allowed to participate in the Giro d'Italia. In April 2011 he received a two-year suspension, despite the fact that he was initially acquitted by the Slovenian Cycling Association. Moreover, he had to pay a fine of more than 52,000 Euros.
In June Italian Pietro Caucchioli (1975-) was suspended for two years because his biological passports showed aberrant results. He also had to pay a 2,500 Swiss francs fine and 2,000 euros to the Italian Olympic Committee for the costs incurred.
Earlier that week, it happend the same to his countryman Francesco De Bonis (1982-).
On July 16, seven-time Belgian champion and two-time world champion mountainbike Roel Paulissen (1976-) was caught using Clomiphene.
When Spaniard Alberto Contador (1982) was caught on clenbuterol in September, he put it on contaminated food. The Spaniard said to have eaten beef during the rest day that was contaminated with clenbuterol. In certain countries that product is used for fattening animals. Rumors want him to become a vegetarian from then on.
During an out-of-competition check traces of EPO were found in Roy Sentjens' (1980-) pee. Two days later, after he strongly denied, the Belgian admitted the use of that product, after which his team Milram fired him. He received a two-year suspension and had to pay a fine of 10,000 euros.
In November Bjarne Riis (1964-), in 1996 winner of the Tour de France, published his autobiography. A book full of anecdotes, in which he also admitted the use of EPO, growth hormones and cortisone.
“At that time in the world, doping was the most natural thing in cycling. Everyone knew it, even the press .... During the 1998 Tour de France the French police raided the hotel of our Telekom team, I was just in time able to dump the EPO in the toilets .... Throughout my career I spent some 134,000 euros on doping. In our home EPO was kept in the fridge, right between the eggs and the cheese."
During the Vuelta a España Spaniards Ezequiel Mosquera (1975-) and David García (1977-) delivered a positive pee on HES, for which they were suspended for two years.
The Spanish Cycling Federation suspended Igor Astarloa (1976-) for two years and the 2003 world champion also had to pay a fine of € 35,000 because an inspection had found incorrect values in his biological passport.
Belgian player of Fortuna Sittardia, Sven Verdonck (1988-), was suspended by the Dutch Football Association for two years after traces of Stanzolol were found in his urine. Sittardia fired him immediately.
After the the South American cup game against Bolivia, Chilean international Roberto Cereceda (1984-) tested positive for cocaine, leaving him at the sides for six months.
Omar Ortiz (1976-) defended the goal of the Mexican team Atletico Celaya, but was caught twice using the steroids oxymetholone and masteron, causing him to leave the game for two years. In January 2012 it was announced that the Mexican police had arrested him. During an investigation, it became apparent that Ortiz belonged to a gang that had at least twenty kidnaps on her account, including the husband of Mexican singer Gloria Trevi (1968-). The gang, who worked for the infamous Gulf Cartel, asked $ 720,000 for the release of every kidnapped person. Ortiz participated in the abductions because he needed the money for his cocaine addiction and since he was fired by his positive tests, he had financial problems. in 2019 he was sentenced to 75 years imprisonment.
In June Swedish goalkeeper Robin Rahm (1986-) was caught using anabolics and suspended for two years. His Färjestad team immediately broke his contract.
Polish kart rider Igor Walilko (1997-) received a two-year suspension for a positive test result on nikethamide after a victory in Germany. Later this was reduced to eighteen months.
American Chael Sonnen (1977-) tested in September positive for steroids and received a one-year suspension and a $ 2,500 fine. On appeal, that sentence was reduced to six months because the defense cited that he needed the product for the treatment of hypogonadism, a reduced activity of the testicles.
Brazilian Vinicius Queiroz (1982-) lost his fight against British Rob Broughton (1983-) due to a positive test on Stanozolol.
After he had played two games for his new team Wakefield Trinity, English rugby international Terry Newton (1978-2010) was caught using growth hormones. His new team fired him and he was suspended for two years. Seven months later he hung himself in his home. During the autopsy, traces of cocaine, amphetamines, nandrolone, anti-depressants and alcohol were found in his blood. In the letter he left, he announced his suicide.
Ukrainian professional player Kristina Antoniychuk (1990-) was suspended by the International Tennis Federation for one year after a positive test for the diuretic furosemide, a product used to mask doping.
South African Wayne Odesnik (1985-) received a two-year suspension from the International Tennis Federation when he wanted to smuggle the human growth hormone hCG into Australia. That punishment was later halved because he cooperated in the judicial investigation. In January 2013, however, his name appeared in the files of Biogenesis of America, a former Miami sports clinic, which was strongly linked to the Major League Baseball doping scandal. In his file it was found that he spent five hundred dollars a month in the clinic.
In August during the European Championship, Slovak Luboš Križko (1979-) tested positive for tamoxifin after the 100m backstroke, which forced him to leave for two years.
The international swimming federation FINA published its impressive list of doping sinners of 2010.
Four-year suspension for Canadian swimmer Alexander Farnell for the repeated use of cannabis and Chinese swimmers Liu Xingchen (1997-) (photo) and Chen Sijia (1996-) for clenbuterol.
Received two years suspension each: swimmer Matthew Zammit (1995-) (photo 1) from Malta, Greek water polo player Thomas Tsakirakis and Brazilian swimmer Diane Becker de Oliveira (1980-) (photo2) for stanazolol, Russian swimmers Evgeny Aleshin (1974- ) (photo3) and Polish swimmer Lukasz Giminski (1986-) (photo4) because they had not filled in their where abouts the second time, South African water polo players Waleed Ali Alghmdi and Salem Hussain Shaheen for cannabis, Colombian diver Juan Guillermo Uran (1983) -) for cocaine, Italian water polo player Andrea Mangiante (1976-) for testosterone, German swimmer Karolin Kittel for refusing a check, Australian water polo player James Stanton (1983-) (photo5) for clenbuterol, Chinese swimmers Tian Nannan and Lu Leyujia for drostanolon,
Indian swimmers Amar Muralidharan (1984-) (photo1), Richa Mishra (1983-) (photo2) and Jyotsna Pansare (1994-) (photo3) for methylhexaneamine.
One year suspension for Hungarian swimmer Nikolett Szepesi (1987-) (photo1), Russian swimmer Maxim Shcherbakov (1990-) (photo2) and Spanish swimmer Sergio Garcia Ortiz (1989-) (photo3) for not completing their where abouts, Mexican synchronized swimmer Nuria Diosdado (1990-) and German swimmer Joshua Loges (1997-) (photo4) for clenbuterol, Turkish swimmer Karhan Akay (1995-) for methandion.
Nine months for Croatian swimmer Ante Krizan (1987-) for methyl hexaneamine.
Eight months for Portuguese swimmer Miguel Rodrigues (1983-) for methyl hexaneamine.
Six months for Brazilian water polo player Daynara de Paula (1989-) (photo1) for furomeside, French swimmers Kévin Barrois and Camille Houdayer for cannabis, American swimmer Sean Mahoney (1988-) (photo2) for methylhexaneamine and French swimmer Marina Lacroix for cannabis.
Five months for Hungarian water polo player Botand Szalma (1982-) for cannabis.
Four months before Brazilian marathon swimmer Bernardo de Figueiredo (1993-) for methyl hexaneamine.
Three months for Polish swimmer Pawel Trenda (photo 1), Croatian water polo player Petr Markoch (1987-) (photo 2) and American water polo player Zachary Monsees (1985-) (photo3) for cannabis.
Two months for French swimmer Fredrick Bousquet (1981-) (photo1) for heptaminol, brazilian swimmer Samuel de Bona (1990-) (photo2) for methylhexaneamine and Colombian swimmer Carolina Colorado (1987-) (photo3) for sibutramine
in January on stage with the British team in South Africa, hurdles specialist Callum Priestley (1989-) was caught using clenbuterol. The Brit then decided not to return to athletics after his two-year suspension.
In April, American Olympic and world champion on the 400m LaShawn Merritt (1986-) received a 21-month suspension because he was caught three times on using prohibited products. His excuse was quite surprising, he took a penis enlargement medication and did not know that it also contained anabolics.
In April, Austrian marathon runner Eva-Maria Gradwohl (1973-) received an unannounced check at training camp in Croatia. She just wanted to go on a boat trip with some friends and this led to a hard dispute in which her boyfriend Walter Mayer (1957-), who already had a reputation in the doping world, insulted the inspectors. Gradwohl refused the check despite being informed of the consequences. In May she was suspended for two years, after which she announced that she was stopping with top sport.
A few days later, Walter Mayer (1957-) publicly apologized to the inspectors, whom he had called out two days before for "Schweine" and "Arschlöcher." As a coach of the Austrian cross country team, Mayer was suspended from 2006 to 2010 after the Italian police found equipment for blood doping during a raid on his hotel room during the 2006 Winter Games. Despite that immediate suspension, he then remained hanging around in Turin. He even drove his car into a roadblock of the Italian police. The explanation afterwards was that he had suicidal tendencies and wanted to commit suicide. A few months later he filed a complaint with Dick Pound (1942-) and Jaak Rogge (1942-), head of WADA and chairman of the IOC, respectively. He later withdrew that complaint. In March 2009, Mayer was arrested together with a pharmacist for selling EPO and testosterone. In 2012 the romance with Gradwohl came to an end.
American 200m specialist Ramon Clay (1975-) was found guilty of using steroids and hormones in October and was suspended retroactively. He was embroiled in the infamous BALCO scandal. Moreover, all his results were canceled.
At the indoor athletics meeting in Düsseldorf, Germany, American Mark Jelks (1984-) won the 60m, but afterwards he did not show up for the doping control. Moreover, in the eighteen months he had gone wrong twice with his whereabouts and therefore he had to step aside for two years.
Slovakian shot putter Milan Haborák (1973-) was caught for the first time in 2004 on the use of steroids, for which he received a two-year suspension. In July 2010 he was caught again and was suspended for life.
During the American indoor championship Ivorian Ivory Williams (1985-) won the 60m in a new world record of 6.49s. During the doping test afterwards, however, he tested positive for marijuana and was removed from the rankings with a three-month suspension as a surplus.
American 110m hurdles runner Duane Ross (1972-) was one of the witnesses in the BALCO scandal. He was asked about the role of his coach Trevor Graham (1964-), who as an athlete at the Seoul Olympiad had won silver with the American relay team 4 x 400m. Graham received a lifelong suspension, Ross had to leave for two years and all his results were canceled.
At the European Championship, Czech shot putter Remigius Machura (1987-) threw the Olympic limit with 20m00 for participation in the 2012 London Olympics. However, it turned out that he had been caught using growth hormones and was suspended for two years, meaning he could forget the Olympiad. He was therefore a 'real successor' to his father Remigius Machura (1960-), who was caught in his top year 1985 as a shot-putter on the use of anabolic steroids.
During the Commonwealth Games, Indian fast walker Rani Yadav (1990-) tested positive for nandrolone, for which she was suspended for two years.
Zivile Balciunaite (1979-) from Lithuania crowned herself as European marathon champion in Barcelona, but three months later it was revealed that she had done that with the help of testosterone and epitestosterone. The IAAF suspended her for two years and she had to hand in the gold medal.
Dane Bjarne Møller (1979-) admitted that he had used EPO in preparation for the South African Ironman, on which he was suspended for two years.
Indian Shailaja Pujari (1982-), who in the past won three gold medals in the category up to 75 kg, had already been sentenced to two and four years. Now she was caught again and banned for life.
Her countryman Vicky Batta (1981-) tested positive for the second time and received four years plus a five thousand dollars fine.
Along with the duo, four other Indian weightlifters flew against the lamp: Harbhajan Singh, Rajesh Singh, Sunita Rani (1979-) and A Vijayadevi.
After becoming Olympic champion in 2008 in the category up to 69 kg, Chinese Liao Hui (1987-) also won the gold medal at the 2010 World Cup and improved the world record in snatch and clean & jerk. What apparently happened with the prohibited products boldenone and androstartienedione. Handing in the gold, scrapping both records and a four-year suspension was the verdict, after which the suspension was halved.
Heavyweight Albert Kuzilov (1985-) finished sixth at the 2008 Olympics in Beijing. Two years later, the Georgian received a two-year suspension after traces of metandienone were found during a check.
Syrian Man Asaad (1993-) won the bronze medal at the Asian Games for Juniors, but it turned out that he had used Metandienon for that, which earned him two years of suspension.
Rajiv Tomar (1980-) was one of the four Indian wrestlers who was not allowed to attend the Commonwealth Games. The others who delivered a positive test for methylhexaneamine were Mausam Khatri (1990-) and Sumit Kumar (1993-), the female wrestler Gursharan Preet Kaur (1991-) and shot putter Saurabh Vij (1987-), who even had medal chances.