The Health and Strength league was formed in Britain, and its joiurnal Health and Strength had a circulation of about 75,000 three years later.
At the unofficial 1906 Olympics in Athens, the German team was for the first time sports medically supported and also scientific research was done. Ferdinand-August Schmidt (1852-1929), the responsible physician of the German team, even had an X-ray device transferred to Athens to investigate heart enlargement during exercise.
German physiologist Georg Friedrich Nicolai (1874-1964) was the first sports physician to study heart enlargement among athletes through ECG.
In 1906 the first 'Ecole Valentin Hauy' was officially opened conducted by the blind French physician Felicien Fabre, and that same year the 'Association Valentin Hauy' also was founded, which started a whole series of schools. The initiative was named after Frenchman Valentin Hauy (1745-1822), who had started a training center for blind masseurs in 1784.
Hendrik Zwaardemaker (1857-1930), professor physiology at the University of Utrecht, was the tudor of 'Over den invloed van het Wielrijden op de werking van het hart', (About the influence of cycling on the functioning of the heart), the first Dutch dissertation defended by Anthonie Hendrik van den Berg (1870-1941).
Abel Faivre (1867-1945) was a French painter, lithographer, illustrator and caricaturist. After delivering a large number of satirical drawings to 'L'Assiette au beurre', he became famous for his propaganda posters in support of the French war effort, including this first cover of 'Le Rire' from 1906, entitled 'Au hamam'.