With the appointment of the first English Chief Medical Officer Sir George Newman (1870-1948), physical education received a higher priority. Under the Education Act of that year a system of medical inspections was set up and Newman saw physical education as a cheap form of preventive medicine.
Austrian surgeon Anton Bum (1856-1925) trained in Sweden in medical gymnastics and founded the 'Institut für Heilgymnastik' in Vienna. In the book 'Handbuch der Massage und Heilgymnastik' that Bum published in 1907, a surprisingly extensive list of 1000 titles of scientific literature in the field of sports medicine and exercise therapy was published. Other works by his hand are "The Massage in Neuropathology" (1888), "Handbuch der Massage und Heilgymnastik für praktijk Ärzte" (1896), "Physiologie und Technik der Massage" (1906) and "Technik der ärztlichen Massage für praktijk Ärzte" "(1913). Bum also edited his publications with beautiful illustrations.