The Italian Olympic Committee established in 1930 in Rome a special hospital for traumatology where injured athletes were treated free of charge. The sports physicians were state officials and in 1935 the Italian state employed 2,000 of them. It paid off, because at the 1932 Olympics in Los Angeles, Italy finished second in the medal ranking and four years later in Berlin third.
American botanist and biometrist James Arthur Harris (1880-1930) and American Professor of Physiology Francis Gano Benedict (1870-1957) determined the Harris-Benedict equation (also known as the Harris-Benedict principle), a method used to estimate an individual's basal metabolic rate (BMR).
For this method, they developed a computational device, which is used to estimate the basic metabolic rate (BMR) of a person.
The pedometer became popular in the United States and was marketed under the name 'Hike-o-Meter'.
In 1930 the American Academy of Physical Education (AAPE) was founded, in 1993 the name changed to American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education (AAKPE).
The twelve Dutch Sports Inspection Offices decided to proceed to uniform inspections and also to collect more data. They united in the Federation of Bureaux for Medical Sports Inspection (FBMS), which obtained Royal Approval in 1933. The first chairman was Jan Gerard Sleeswijk (1879-1969), professor of technical hygiene in Delft. Doctor Herman Reijs (1883-1948) (photo) became chairman of the Medical Committee.
Austrian physician Otto Nuhr (1912-1989) was a pioneer in the field of electrical high-frequency therapy. During the Second World War he treated prisoners with serious freezing symptoms in the former Königsberg hospital. When he returned to Wachau, he started his own center in Senftenberg.
When using the NUHR therapy locally, a brush-like electrode which was connected to the TESLA transformer via a pole, was placed on the body surface to be treated. From this brush electrode a glow flowed that eventually passed into electric sparks with sufficient voltage or with a reduction of the distance between the brush and the patient.
The specific effects of these high-frequency flows
A special application of this therapy was the treatment of stroke patients.