The first Finnish sportsmedicine center was opened in the Helsinki Olympic Stadium in 1946.
After the second World War, many important doctors studied the influence of efforts on the human body. Much of this pioneering work was done by the American Professor Physical Education Thomas K. Cureton Jr. (1901-1992), who founded the Research Laboratory at the University of Illinois. In 40 years time he published over a thousand articles, books and monographs on physical fitness, especially the influence of this on the cardiovascular and metabolic system.
French boxer Emile Pladner (1906-1980), in 1929 flyweight world champion, became the victim of a retinal detachment during a fight, as a result of which he lost his sight. It also meant the end of his sporting career after 103 victories in 133 battles. He learned braille and obtained the diploma massage and physical exercise. He became, among other things, caretaker of the French Rugby team.