At the American Association for Health, Physical Education and Recreation (AAHPER) meeting in New York, the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) was founded, the umbrella organization for the various disciplines and professions that shared the common interest. about how exercise affects the human body.
Sylphons are cylindrical metal bellows that collapse under force and were invented in 1902 by American Weston Fulton (1871-1946).
American orthopedic surgeon Charles Bechtol (1912-1998) described an isometric hand-held dynamometer that used oil-immersed sylphons to measure the force exerted on two parallel handles. It was the first Jamar dynamometer.
The German national football team was prepared for the World Cup through exercise testing. In the photo, coach Sepp Herberger (1897-1977) follows the performance on the Dargatz ergometer of one of his players.
In Leipzig the East German 'Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Sportmedizin' was established with internist and sports physician Arno Arnold (1897-1963) as first president. Two years later the name was changed to 'Gesellschaft für Sportmedizin der DDR'.