On September 9, 1965, the article "The inhalation of the photochemical smog compound peroxyacetyl nitrate" by the American Leon E. Smith, Professor of Physical Education at the State University of Iowa, appeared on page 1460 of the American Journal of Public Health. He described an exercise test in which the tidal volume was monitored with a heated Fleisch pneumotachograph mounted on a Hans Rudolph 'two-way high velocity valve'. The exhaled air was collected in plastic, neoprene bags and then the volume was measured with precision gas meters. The gas concentrations were determined with a gas chromatograph. The bicycle ergometer used frictional resistance to maintain a constant workflow and the subject pedaled to the beat of a metronome.
The German Sports Medical Association (Deutsche Sportärztebund) organized a scientific anti-doping symposium in Berlin, where every form of doping was unanimously rejected.
In Serbian Novi Sad, the Sports Medicine section was established within the Society of Physicians of Vojvodina, part of the Serbian Medical Association. One year later, Miodrag Petrovic (1943-) graduated as first specialist in sports medicine.
British scientists developed the first functional detection test for amphetamines, which was used during the Tour of Britain cycling race for the first time.
In Canada, a joint subcommittee of the Canadian Medical Association and the Canadian Association of Health, Physical Education and Recreation was established to investigate issues related to sports medicine and national fitness. This led in 1967 to the founding of the Canadian Association of Sports Sciences.
In the Netherlands was a steady growth in the number of physicians with an interest in sports medicine. This created the need to combine sports medicine activities. That is why the "Association for Sports Medicine" VSG was founded in 1965.
In 1965 the pedometer 'manpo-kei', the Japanese word for 10,000 step-meter, was launched by Yui Hatano.