To improve the quality of German sports physicians, the so-called 'Zusatzbezeichnung Sportmedizin' was designed.
The 'Kiev Scientific Research Institute of Medical Problems in Physical Culture and Sports' was born.
The 1967 Collins stationary exercise treadmill that was capable of speeds from 1 to 8 mph. With the optional 'Electrolift', gradients of up to 16 ° were achieved.
In 1967, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) established a medical committee with three fundamental objectives:
This example was followed, because every international sports federation started with its own medical committee under the supervision of a physician.
The newly formed IOC Medical Commission had Belgian Prince Alexandre de Merode (1934-2002) (photo) as chairman and Hungarian football legend Arpad Csanadi (1923-1983) as vice chairman. The other members were the British Professor of Pharmacy Arnold Beckett (1920-2010), the Dutch physician Pieter van Dijk, the Belgian physician Albert Dirix, the Mexican gynecologist Eduardo Hay, the French physician Roger Genin and the Italian Professor of Sports Medicine Giuseppe La Cava as representative from FIMS. At the first meetings, the sanctions were determined as well as the tests to be used, the athletes to be tested and a list of prohibited substances was compiled.
At the 1967 European Championship in Kiev, Polish 100m runner Eva Klobukowska (1946-) was the first to fail a sex test. Later publications revealed that she is a genetic mosaic of XX/XXY.
Norway started the TRIM program in 1967, which encouraged people to participate as much as possible in attractive and individual sports. Sweden followed in 1973 and Quebec in 1975 with the Kino-Quebec program. Other countries introduced physical activity in the general context of health promotion: Switzerland, West Germany, Japan ... The United States, on the other hand, did not have a homogeneous federal program, each state had its own strategy.
American cardiologist George P. Robb (1898-1983) (photo) and American statistician Herbert H. Marks (1892-1975) of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company of New York published follow-up data from 2,224 male applicants for life insurance and first they gave a statistical verification of the predicted value of the ST segment depression. They showed that the presence of horizontal or downsloping ST segments after the double master test is more reliable for predicting possible coronary abnormalities than the patient's medical history. They also found that deep ST segment depression produces a more severe prognosis than a moderate one.
Jack Daniels (1933-), who won the silver medal in the modern pentathlon at the 1956 Olympics and the bronze medal at the 1960 Olympics, graduated as an exercise physiologist and coached many athletes. The photo shows how he conducts a field test on the athletic track on the heights of Colorado.