Postgraduate degrees in sports medicine were first taught in the United States.
From 1970, at the USOC Olympic Headquarters in Colorado Springs, Colorado, systematic VO2max-tests were conducted to evaluate and prescribe training programs for Olympic athletes
At its general meeting, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sportmedizin und Prävention (German Society for Sports Medicine and Prevention) agreed on the amended guidelines for obtaining an additional qualification for sports medicine.
The Indian Association of Sports Medicine was established in India.
For the various aspects of sports medicine, many laboratories have been started in Russia by the scientific research institutes of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences. The research in sports medicine was coordinated by committees for medical problems in sport and in body culture. As an educational discipline, sports medicine was part of the curricula of the body culture institutes, the medical institutes and the pedagogical institutions of higher education with physical education departments.
Two ergometers developed for the American Marshall Space Flight.
Gerhard Richter developed a high-performance and robust ergometer for his sports research in the GDR.
Ergospirometry was used in more and more sports, in Ratzeburg physiological studies were carried out on weightlifters.
A fully equipped lab for exercise trials from Godart.
In the Stockholm Sports Medicine Laboratory of the Swedish College of Physical Education, the Swedish Professor of Physiology Per-Olaf Åstrand (1922-2015) used a Douglas bag to measure oxygen uptake. The ergometer was a mechanically braked Åstrand Ergometer.
Together with his Norwegian colleague Käre Rodahl (1917-2008), Per-Olof Åstrand (1922-2015) did a lot of field tests with the Douglas bag, including accompanying Swedish cross-country skiers.
Canadian orthopedic surgeon and sports physician John C. Kennedy (1917-1983) founded the Canadian Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine (CASEM). The diploma of sports and exercise medicine (DipSportMed) developed by CASEM is a recognized certificate for sports physicians in Canada. From then on, the Medical Committee of the Canadian Olympic Association, the Canadian Academy of Sports Medicine, the Sports Medicine Division of the Canadian Physiotherapy Association and the Canadian Athletic Therapists Association worked closely together on a system to help Canadian top athletes prepare for big competitions .
In the United States, Robert Barnes (1915-2002) founded the American Academy of Podiatric Sports Medicine (AAPSM).