The Greek philosopher Plato (427-347 BC) called physical activity a sister art of medicine and he popularized it intensely.
Treatment of a shoulder dislocation in Greek medicine
The Chinese physician Bian Que (401-310 BC) was the first to use both acupuncture and pulse diagnosis.
The Greek philosopher Aristoteles (384-322. JC) introduced the concept of 'correct standard' and advised physical exercise for health and risk avoidance.
"We must prevent both the body and the soul from getting tired, to prevent any adverse effects: a bad functioning of the body harms the soul, a bad functioning of the soul harms the body"
Aristotle saw the heart as
"The source of all movement, given that the heart links the soul with the organs of life."
A remarkably precise description of cardiovascular physiology.
Praxagoras of Cos (340-? V.C.), the teacher of Herophilus of Chalcedon (335-280 BC), was the first Greek physician to feel the pulse in order to observe the health of the ill..
The ancient Egyptians appear to be the first to have carried out the practice of splinting.
During the Hearst Egyptian Expedition in 1903 two splint specimens dated to approximately 300 BCE were discovered, one for a femur the other for a forearm.
Other examples of splints made of bamboo and reed padded with linen have been found on mummies as well..