Harald Mellerowicz (1919-1996) studied medicine and was a soldier at the Luftwaffe in World War II. In 1940 he became German athletic champion in the 100m, two years later in the 100 and 200m. Mellerowitz specialized in sports medicine. He was appointed leader of the Instituts für Leibeserziehung of the Freien Universität Berlin, but in 1963 he founded his own Institut für Leistungsmedizin, präventive und rehabilitive Sportmedizin. He became chairman of the German athletics association and founded in 1965 the first German sports group for heart patients.